Geotechnical Investigations

SL No Description Test Method
1 Drilling of boreholes in soil using percussion techniques. BS 5930 Cls.20.5
2 Coring in hard strata with rotary method. BS 5930 Cls.20.7
3 Standard Penetration Test BS 1377 Part 4 Cls 3.3
4 Sampling of soil and rock BS 5930 Cls 22
5 Ground water sampling BS 5930 Cls 23.3
6 Installation of piezo meters (stand pipe) BS 5930 Cls 23.2.7
7 Ground water level measurement BS 5930 Cls 23.2, Cls 27.5 & Cls 47.2.7
8 Physical analysis on soil sample (Sieve analysis) BS 1377 Part 2 : 1990 Test 9.2 & 9.3
9 Determination of acid soluble chloride content in Soil BS 1377 Part 3: 1990 Cl.7
10 Determination of acid soluble sulphate content in soil BS 1377 Part 3: 1990 Cl.5
11 Determination of acid soluble chloride content in ground water BS 1377 Part 3: 1990 Cl.7
12 Determination of acid soluble sulphate content in ground water BS 1377 Part 3: 1990 Cl.5
13 pH Value of soil BS 1377 Part 3: 1990 Cl.9
14 pH Value of ground water BS 1377 Part 3: 1990 Cl.9
15 Determination of water soluble chloride content in ground water BS 1377 Part 3: 1990 Cl.7
16 Determination of water soluble sulphate content in ground water BS 1377 Part 3: 1990 Cl.5

Soil

SL No Description Test Method
1 In-situ density test by sand replacement method suitable for fine and medium grained soil (using Small or Large pouring cylinder) BS 1377 Part 9:1990 Cls 2.1 & 2.2 AMD 8264:1995
2 In-place density test by sand cone method ASTM D 1556 : 1990(1996)
3 Dry density-Moisture content relationship using 4.5kg rammer for soil with particle size up to medium gravel size (4" mould). BS 1377 Part 4 :1990 Cls 3.5 & 3.6 AMD 8259:1990
4 Determination of particle size distribution ( Sieve Analysis) BS 1377 Part 2 : 1990 Test 9.2 & 9.3
5 Determination of California Bearing Ratio BS 1377 Part 4 : 1990 Cls 7.2.3.2 AMD 8259:1995
6 Determination of liquid limit BS 1377 Part 2 Cls 4 AMD 9027:1996
7 Determination of plastic limit & plasticity index BS 1377 Part 2 :1990 Cls 5.3 & 5.4 AMD 9027:1996
8 In-situ CBR BS 1377 Part 9 : 1990
9 Determination of Moisture Content Value BS 1377 Part 4 : 1990
10 Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD) 5 days incubation @ 200 C APHA – AWWA Cls.5210
11 Shear box test BS 1377 Part 4: 1990
12 Determination of acid soluble chloride content in soil BS 1377 Part 3: 1990 Cl.7
13 Determination of organic matter content in soil BS 1377 Part 3: 1990 Cls 3.4
14 Determination of acid soluble sulphate content in soil BS 1377 Part 3: 1990 Cl.5
15 Sedimentation by Hydrometer method BS 1377 Part 2: 1990 Cl 9.4 ASTM D 422
16 Determination of linear shrinkage BS 1377 Part 2:1990 Cls 6.5.4
17 Soil Classification ASTM D 2487/ASTM D 3282
18 Soil Permeability BS 1377 Part 5 : 1990
19 Coefficient of Uniformity (Cu) ASTM D 2487
20 Plate load tests ASTM D 1194/BS 1377 Part 9:1990
21 Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) APHA – 5220 B
22 Oil & Grease APHA – 5520 B
23 Total Dissolved Solids APHA – AWWA 2540 C
24 Total Suspended Solids APHA – AWWA 2540 D
25 Metal (Cu, Cd, Pb, Ni, Cr, Co, Fe, Mn, Ag) APHA – AWWA 3030
26 pH BS 1377 P3: 1990 Cl.9
27 Carbonate content in soil BS 1377 P3: 1990 Cl.6
28 pH & Electrical conductivity ASTM D – 1293: 1999
29 Carbonate, Bicarbonate ASTM D 513: 1992

Aggregates / Rock

SL No Description Test Method
1 Determination of particle size distribution (wet/ dry sieving) BS 812 Part 103 :1985 Sec 103.1 Test 7.2& 7.3 AMD 6720 :1991
2 Determination of flakiness index of aggregates BS 812 Part 105.1:1989
3 Determination of elongation index of aggregates BS 812 Part 105.2:1990
4 Determination of shell content in course aggregates BS 812 Part 106 :1985
5 Determination of soundness of aggregates by the use of sodium sulphate & magnesium sulphate ASTM C 88 :1999a
6 Material finer than 75 micron sieve (fines passing No. 200) in mineral aggregate by washing ASTM C 117 :1995
7 Specific gravity & water absorption of course aggregates ASTM C 127 : 2001
8 Specific gravity & water absorption of fine aggregates ASTM C 128 : 2001
9 Sieve analysis of fine & course aggregates ASTM C 136 :1996a
10 Determination of clay lumps & friable particles ASTM C 142 : 1997
11 Determination of Sand Equivalent Value ASTM C 2419 :1995
12 Plate load tests ASTM D 1194 :1994
13 Rock armour grading analysis CIRIA Special Publication/ CUR report 154 App.2.3
14 Resistance to degradation of small size or large size coarse aggregates by abrasion and impact in Los Angeles machine ASTM C 131 : 2001
ASTM C 535 : 2004
15 Determination of Ten Percent Fines Value (TFV) BS 812 Part 111 : 1990
16 Determination of Acid Soluble Chloride Content in Aggregates BS 812 Part 117 : 1988 Appendix C
17 Determination of Acid Soluble Sulphate Content in Aggregates BS 812 Part 118 : 1988 Appendix C
18 Determination of Organic Impurities in fie Aggregates ASTM C 40 : 1999
19 Determination of Light Weight Particles ASTM C 123 : 1998
20 Determination of Aggregate Crushing Value (ACV) BS 812 Part 111 : 1990
21 Determination of Chloride Content of Aggregates using a nitric acid extract for aggregates containing chloride not extracted by water. BS 812 : 1988 Part 117 Appendix C
22 Total sulphate by acid extraction method BS 812 Part 118 : 1988 Cls6
23 Determination of Aggregate Impact Value (AIV) BS 812 Part 112 : 1990
24 Determination of fully crushed faces in aggregates DM 300: 1989
25 Determination of partially crushed faces in aggregates DM 301: 1989
26 Particle Density of Fillers BS 812 Part 2: 1995
27 Unconfined compressive strength of intact rock core specimens ASTM D 2938: 1995
28 Point load index tests ASTM D 5731 : 1995 /ISRM
29 Compaction fraction In-house procedure
30 Drying Shrinkage BS 812 Part 120 : 1989
31 Sieve analysis of mineral filler ASTM D 546 : 1999
32 Bulk age factor In-house procedure
33 Bulk Density BS 812 Part 2 : 1995
34 Determination of moisture content BS 812 Part 109 : 1990
35 Weight distribution of quarried stone (Rock grading) CIRIA SP 83/CUR 154
36 Shape index (Length to thickness ratio of quarried stone) CIRIA SP 83/CUR 154
37 Water Absorption at atmospheric pressure CIRIA SP 83/CUR 154
38 Drop Test Breakage Index CIRIA SP 83/CUR 154
39 Density of rock with a volume of at least 50ml CIRIA SP 83/CUR 154
40 Specific gravity & Absorption BS 812 Part 2 : 1995
41 Soundness BS 812 Part 121 : 1989
42 Bulk density (unit weight) and voids in aggregates ASTM C 29 / C29m: 1997
43 Compaction factor In-house procedure
44 Sampling of Aggregate ASTM D 75 : 1997

Concrete

SL No Description Test Method
1 Determination of Compressive Strength of concrete cubes BS 1881 Part 116 :1983 AMD 6097 :1989 & 6720 :1991
2 Method of sampling fresh concrete at site BS 1881 Part 101:1983 ASTM C 172 :1990
3 Determination of slump & temperature in fresh concrete BS 1881 Part :102 : 1983
4 Determination of air content in fresh concrete BS 1881 Part 106 :1983 ASTM C 173 :1994
5 Determination of density of compacted fresh concrete BS 1881 Part 108 :1983
6 Determination of bleeding of fresh concrete ASTM C 23 :1999
7 Compressive strength of concrete cores BS 1881 Part 120
8 Determination of compressive strength of concrete(using rebound hammer) BS EN 12504 :2001
9 Determination of Compressive Strength of Paving Blocks BS 6717 Part 1 : 1993 Annex B
10 Measurement of Dimension of Concrete Paving Blocks BS 6717 Part 1 : 1993 Annex A
11 Determination of Compressive Strength of Masonry Blocks BS 6073 Part 2:1981 Appendix B
12 Measurement of Dimension of Concrete Masonry Blocks BS 6073 Part 2:1981 Appendix A
13 Compressive Strength, Dimension and Density of AAC blocks BS EN 772 Part : 2000
14 Determination of Water Absorption of hardened concrete BS 1881 Part 122 ASTM C 140
15 Determination of Initial Surface Absorption(ISAT) of hardened concrete BS 1881 Part 208 : 1996
16 Determination of depth of penetration of water under pressure BSEN 12390 Part 8: 2000
17 Determination of Water Permeability of hardened concrete(DIN) DIN 1048 Part 5 :1991 BSEN 12390 Part 8 :2000
18 Determination of Rapid Chloride Permeability(RCP) of hardened concrete ASTM C 1202 : 1997
19 Determination of Chloride Content in concrete BS 1881 Part 124 : 1988
20 Determination of Sulphate Content in concrete BS 1881 Part 124 : 1988
21 Concrete Temperature monitoring using thermocouple In-house procedure
22 Determination of chloride content in hardened concrete BS 1881 Part 124 : 1988 Cls 10.2
23 Determination of tensile splitting strength of concrete cylinders BS 1881 Part 117 : 1983
24 Determination of setting time of fresh concrete BSEN 196
25 Determination of density of masonry blocks BS 6073 Part 2 : 1981
26 Determination of chloride content in concrete blocks BS 1881 Part 124 : 1988 Cls 10.2
27 Determination of sulphate content in concrete blocks BS 1881 Part 124 : 1988 Cls 10.3
28 Method of nominal curing of test specimens (200 C method) BS 1881 Part 111: 1983
29 Determination of transverse strength of kerbstone BS 7263 Part 1: 1994
30 Determination of water absorption of kerbstone BS 7263 : Part 1
31 Chemical analysis of cement BSEN 196: 1995
32 Determination of compressive strength of concrete cylinders ASTM C 39/ C39M: 1999
33 Determination of Flexural strength of concrete beam. BS 1881 Part 118: 1983
34 Pull out test on Paint ASTM D 4541: 1995
35 Pull out tests on Plaster ASTM D 4541: 1995
36 Pull out test on reinforced steel bars BS 1881 Part 207: 1992
37 Determination of Dry Film (Coating) thickness BS 3900: 1992
38 Cover meter survey (To determine the cover, thickness and location of bars) BS 1881 Part 204: 1988

Steel

SL No Description Test Method
1 Tensile Strength BS 4449 : 1997
2 Bend Test BS 4449 : 1998
3 Rebend Test BS 4449 : 1997
4 Chemical Analysis of Steel including Carbon Equivalent Value (ECV) (Carbon, Silicon, Manganese, Phosphorous, Sulphur, Chromium, Molybdenum, Nickel, Copper, Vanadium, Nitrogen) BS 4449 : 1997
5 Determination of coating thickness ASTM A 775A 775M / 1997
6 Determination of coating flexibility ASTM A 775A 775M / 1997
7 Determination of coating continuity (Holiday test) ASTM A 775 A 775M / 1997
8 Tensile test for reinforcement Steel Bars BS-4449 / 1997
9 Bend test for reinforcement Steel Bars BS-4449 / 1988
10 Galvanizing coating thickness on steel article BS-729: 1990

Grout Test

SL No Description Test Method
1 Fluidity and Temperature As per project specification
2 Bleeding As per project specification
3 Volume Change As per project specification
4 Wet Density As per project specification
5 Compressive Strength As per project specification
6 Sedimentation As per project specification

Asphalt

SL No Description Test Method
1 Sampling of bituminous paving mixtures ASTM D979: 1996
2 Specimen Thickness / diameter of compacted bituminous paving mixture ASTM D 3549: 1993
3 Bulk Specific Gravity of compacted bituminous mixture ASTM D2726: 2000 / ASTM D1188: 1996
4 Percentage voidage in compacted bituminous paving mixture DM 404: 1993
5 Theoretical maximum specific gravity & density of bituminous paving mixture ASTM D 2041: 1995
6 Stability & Flow of bituminous mixtures (Marshall) ASTM D 1559: 1989
7 Stability of bituminous mixtures at different immersion time ASTM D 1559: 1989
8 Loss of Stability of compacted bituminous mixtures DM 405: 1993
9 Coating & Stripping test of bitumen aggregate mixture ASTM D 1664: 1980
10 Binder content (Asphalt content) by Ignition method ASTM D 6307: 1998
11 Marshall preparation ASTM D 1559: 1989
12 Sieve Analysis of extracted aggregate ASTM D 5444: 1998

Water Proofing Membrane & Protection Boards

SL No Description Test Method
1 Softening Point ASTM D 36
2 Tensile Strength & Elongation (Longitudinal) ASTM D 5147
3 Tensile Strength & Elongation (Transversal) ASTM D 5147
4 Tear Strength (Longitudinal) ASTM D 5147
5 Tear Strength (Transversal) ASTM D 5147
6 Puncture Resistance ASTM E 154
7 Heat Resistance UAEtc
8 Reinforcement UAEtc
9 Water Absorption ASTM D 570
10 Bitumen Content ASTM 0 4
11 Chemical & Salt Resistance ASTM D 543